581-Population, Health and Environment – Value Added from an Integrated Development Strategy.
Over the past decade, conservation and health organizations have partnered to meet the multidimensional needs of populations living in areas of high biodiversity. This integrated approach, known as population-health-environment (PHE), responds to community requests for health services, including family planning, and sustainable livelihoods. This basket of human development interventions is integrated with conservation efforts as a long-term strategy for human development and ecosystem sustainability.
Operations research suggests the PHE approach can be more effective and less expensive than single sector family planning and environment programs, especially in remote areas. Recent external reviews suggest PHE provides significant value added for family planning and environment programs by stimulating greater access to adults and adolescents. Integration increases male participation in typically female-dominated reproductive health projects, and increases female participation in generally male-dominated natural resource management roles.
PHE offers useful entry points, as health organizations find operational efficiencies working with conservation partners in remote under-served areas. Meeting basic community health needs helps conservation organizations develop trust and participation, while addressing high unmet need for family planning slows growth in pressure on natural resources. Programs with micro-credit and livelihoods components help improve perceptions of women and strengthen transitions to less natural resource dependent work.
This panel will begin with an overview of integrated PHE strategies. Field-based practitioners will present lessons from current integrated programs in Uganda, Nepal, and the Philippines. A sustainability specialist will present his recent review of nearly 50 Packard Foundation and USAID-funded sites. A final presentation will discuss challenges, sustainability, scaling-up, and identification of new constituents.
Publications, including an M&E manual, program design guidebook, and WWF’s new “Healthy Communities, Healthy Ecosystems: Integrating Health and Family Planning into Conservation Projects” manual, will be available.
Attendees are encouraged to share their own examples of integrated programs, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages they present.